Types of Sushi
There are 100 types of Sushi in Japan and getting diversified each day. Each Sushi restaurant has its own way of making Sushi. Some restaurants make Sushi with Seafood like Tuna and Salmon. And some prefer Sushi along with vegetables. You are thinking of how many types of Sushi are there in Japan? Outside Japan, Sushi expanded to Sushi Rolls and California Rolls. We are going to tell you about the most common types of Sushi:
1. Makizushi (One of the types of Sushi)
Makizushi is also well known as "norimaki”. Which is a type of Sushi in which rice and other Sushi ingredients rolled in sheets of Nori Sushi Seaweed. And cut into smaller pieces. Makizushi came into life in the early 1700s.
Norimaki is from two words. “Nori” means roasted sheets of nori seaweed which is for wraping Sushi Ingredients. And "Maki" which means to roll.
Hosomaki is thin rolls with usually one ingredient like Tuna, Salmon, or Cucumber.
Futomaki is a variety in Makizushi that includes important Sushi ingredients. "Futo” means Fat in Japanese. Futomaki is less appearing in restaurants but yes! You can find Futomaki in Super Markets.
Uramaki which is well known as "inside-out Sushi" is a unique version of Makizushi. And invented in California in the early 60s. Its recipe is first layering the Sushi rice into a bamboo mat. And then top followed by a nori sheet with other ingredients. Rolled with sesame seeds or topped with fish eggs for double crunchiness.
2. Gunkan Maki(One of the types of Sushi)
Gunkan Maki is another form of “wrapped or rolled Sushi”. Invented in Ginza Sushi Restaurant in the early 1940s. Its recipe is wrapping nori around the rice ball. While leaving a major top space for other ingredients. Gunkan translates to "battleship or warship" sushi because of its look. Many ingredients are best for Gunkan maki topping. But most often used toppings are uni sea urchin, squid, salmon roe, potato salad, and negitoro. Gunkan Maki is often delivered in Sushi Restaurants.
3. Temaki(One of the types of Sushi)
Temaki is beautiful among the types of Sushi. Its shape resembles an ice-cream cone. Temaki recipe is wrapping nori in a conical shape with all the Sushi ingredients. Temaki is a house choice Sushi as it is for home. The most common fillings for Temaki are umeshisho, umeboshi, negitoro, squid, and omelet.
Before the invention of refrigeration, fermentation was a technique discovered by people. Which helps to preserve meat and fish for many months. Narezushi is the perfect example of fermentation. This leads back to the Nara Period (710-794). In which fish fermentation takes place to make Narezushi. Narezushi is the purest and original type of Sushi. In early times, rice use discarded to eat due to long-time fermentation. But later on, fermentation time decreased. And people start eating rice with fish which opened many more varieties of Sushi.
Nowadays, Narezushi is less popular. But funazushi is now considered a regional dish due to its price and ingredient of fish. Which is nigorobuna from Lake Biwa.
Nigiri is the original form of Sushi that we can see today among the other types of Sushi. Nigiri is also called edo-mae which means “in front of Edo”. The name Edo refers to the birthplace of Tokyo. Nigiri has a hand-pressed rice cylinder to give it a cylinder shape. This rice cylinder is mostly topped with many other ingredients. Nigiri is well known as a fast food in Edo era in 1800s. The topping of Nigiri is mostly seafood, vegetables, meat, omelet, or tofu.
Oshizushi means "pressed Sushi". It is also called hakozushi which means “boxed Sushi”. Oshizushi was first invented in Osaka and is the most common type of Sushi. Made by pressing the ingredients into a box accompanied by a topping. After the topping, Sushi is cut into shapes like rectangles and triangles. The topping of Oshizushi includes fish or bamboo leaves.
In the Japanese language, Sasa refers to “Bamboo leaves”. So Sasazushi means rice and ingredients wrapped in bamboo leaves. Sasazushi was a type of Sushi introduced in the Warring States period (1467-1573). The reason behind Sasazushi is that Nagano local wants to impress visiting warlord. Whose name is “Uesugi Kenshin”. Sasazushi is we can say that a type of Sushi that includes a wide range of wild vegetables. Also includes mushrooms, and walnuts, etc.
Another type of Sushi is Kakinoha-zushi which is also a pressed type of Sushi. That comes from the Nara region and dates back in the past to the Edo period. Kakinoha-zushi wraps in kaki leaf. It includes placing fish on top of rice and wrapped with kaki leaf which gives it the perfect aroma.
Temari means "handball". Temari is less available Sushi but it is best to make it at home due to its simplicity. Temari is a pressed rice ball topped with fish or other ingredients. It is a type of Sushi that comes with a lot of decoration.
Chirashizushi means "scattered Sushi". Which includes a bowl of rice topped with Sushi ingredients. That includes Seafood and vegetables. Chirashizushi is almost like another Japanese Dish Kaisendon. This dish is also a rice bowl with seafood. But the difference between Chirashizushi and Kaisendon is Chirashizushi rice contains vinegared rice.
Inarizushi names after a Shinto god who had a fondness for tofu. Inarizushi is much different from other types of Sushi because it does not contain any fish. It is sweet in flavor. Inari is a pouch of deep-fried tofu. That simmers with other ingredients including sugar.
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